Herbicidal and Plant-growth Stimulating Effects of Phenolic Compounds Isolated from Lichens

Marize Terezinha Lopes Pereira Peres, Ana Maria Mapeli, Odival Faccenda, Neli Kika Honda

Abstract


The depsides atranorin (7) and diffractaic acid (1), the depsidones hypostictic (2) protocetraric (3), salazinic (4) acids, the xanthone secalonic acid (5), and usnic acid (6) were evaluated for their phytotoxic potentials against the target species Allium cepa cv. Baia periforme (onion, Monocotyledoneae). The bioassays, carried out under laboratory conditions, revealed that diffractaic (1) and hypostictic (2) acids stimulated plant growth; secalonic acid (5) stimulated seed germination and radicle growth, while reducing coleoptile length. Usnic acid (6) promoted seed germination and stronger inhibition of radicle and coleoptile growth. Protocetraric (3) and salazinic (4) acids and atranorin (7) exhibited a herbicidal effect, inhibiting seed germination and reducing radicle and coleoptile growth—features that suggest their utility as natural herbicides. These results invite further investigation to elucidate the mode of action of these compounds and to synthesize them for field experiments.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17807/orbital.v7i3.756

 


Keywords


lichen substances; allelopathic activity; Allium cepa; phenolic compounds

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Orbital: The Electronic Journal of Chemistry (e-ISSN 1984-6428) is a quarterly scientific journal published by the Institute of Chemistry of the Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Orbital is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal.